Sunday, July 24, 2022

The Exodus – Part 22 The Exodus Begins

The Exodus – Part 22

The Exodus Begins

Pastor Bruce A. Shields

House of Faith Church | |

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·          The Book of Genesis

·          The Book of Exodus

·         The First Three Miracles

·         The Ten Plagues

o   Passover & Feast of Unleavened Bread

§  Instructions for Passover Feast

§  Instructions for Feast of Unleavened Bread

§  The Exodus Begins



Last week we read the instructions for the first two feasts, or Holy Days, given by God to His people in the Book of Exodus. These two feasts tell us a lot.


·        It reveals God will keep His promises to those in covenant with Him

·        It reveals that, even if you are in a covenant with God, there are commands you must obey to receive the benefits, blessings, and protection the Kingdom has to offer.

o   In this case, God’s people had to follow a list of rules for a Passover feast

o   Obedience to these commands was essential and required

o   If you did not obey these commands, you would not have the protection

o   People who believe that all you must do is belong to God and your responsibilities end, when, in fact, that is when your responsibilities begin.

o   Obedience to God’s commands is what protected the Israelites, Passover was a “must do” and made them obedient.


·        It also reveals God’s plans for a savior whose blood would free all who called on His name to be saved from the bondage of sin.

·        Pharaoh, like Satan, does not want to let God’s people go

·        Egypt, like sin, keeps God’s people in bondage

·        Moses, sent by God like Jesus to rescue God’s people from bondage

·        Moses’ miracles before Pharaoh, like Jesus before Satan, both proving God sent Him as well as condemning Satan and his works.

·        The plagues on Egypt, showing God’s power over all things, while demonstrating the future state of a world ruled by sin, and the need for salvation



o   The unblemished lamb is the perfect/sinless Jesus

o   The symbolism of bringing the lamb/Jesus into the home

o   The sacrifice of the Lamb is Jesus on the cross

o   Cooking the lamb by fire symbolizing judgment of sin

o   Painting the lamb’s blood on the doorway symbolic of Jesus’ blood protecting us from the coming judgment

o   The coming judgment was death in Egypt of firstborn sons which both symbolizes the firstborn son Christ Jesus as well as coming death as judgment for all of those who did not get the blood of the lamb

o   The feast of unleavened bread symbolizing the life you live afterwards removing leaven from your home (sin) and not using anything that touched leaven or an “instrument of sin”


            Today we look at the beginning of The Exodus.



Exodus 12:31-42

“During the night Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said, “Up! Leave my people, you and the Israelites! Go, worship the Lord as you have requested. 32 Take your flocks and herds, as you have said, and go. And also bless me.”


33 The Egyptians urged the people to hurry and leave the country. “For otherwise,” they said, “we will all die!” 34 So the people took their dough before the yeast was added, and carried it on their shoulders in kneading troughs wrapped in clothing. 35 The Israelites did as Moses instructed and asked the Egyptians for articles of silver and gold and for clothing. 36 The Lord had made the Egyptians favorably disposed toward the people, and they gave them what they asked for; so they plundered the Egyptians.


37 The Israelites journeyed from Rameses to Sukkoth. There were about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides women and children. 38 Many other people went up with them, and also large droves of livestock, both flocks and herds. 39 With the dough the Israelites had brought from Egypt, they baked loaves of unleavened bread. The dough was without yeast because they had been driven out of Egypt and did not have time to prepare food for themselves.


40 Now the length of time the Israelite people lived in Egypt was 430 years. 41 At the end of the 430 years, to the very day, all the Lord’s divisions left Egypt. 42 Because the Lord kept vigil that night to bring them out of Egypt, on this night all the Israelites are to keep vigil to honor the Lord for the generations to come.”





a.      Why now?

                                                 i.      Verse 31 states, “during the night Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron…”


                                              ii.      We can look back and see in the previous verses that at midnight the Lord struck down all the firstborn


                                           iii.      So, it was just after this that Pharaoh called Moses and Aaron


                                            iv.      Not only did Pharaoh tell them to leave, but in fear, asked them to bless him before they left.

1.      You wouldn’t ask them this unless you were afraid the Lord would strike you next



b.     The Egyptians agreed with Pharaoh

                                                 i.      In verse 33 we see the Egyptians “urged the people (Israelites) to hurry and leave the country. For otherwise we will all die!”


                                              ii.      They too feared what the Lord may do next



c.      This begins the Exodus

                                                 i.      So, the people took their dough before the yeast was added


                                              ii.      And their Exodus from Egypt begins




a.      Their obedience is a must

                                                 i.      Just because you are in covenant does not mean you can be disobedient

1.      Adam & Eve were in Covenant with God, and were disobedient


                                              ii.      Obedience is key to unlocking the blessings, benefits, and protection of the covenant


                                           iii.      The Lord said in Exodus to the Israelites

1.      Perform the Passover as I say

2.      I will bring judgment on all of Egypt

3.      Where I see the blood, no destructive plague will touch you


                                            iv.      This protection was offered to those who were part of the Abrahamic covenant with God, but they still had to be obedient


                                               v.      It is frustrating sometimes to hear people who believe that just because they are “saved” that’s the end of what they have to “do”…crying doing is a work and works don’t save.

1.      Very true, the Israelites were “already” part of the Abrahamic covenant, but they were still required to be obedient to the Lord’s command


2.      If not, then they would be “disobedient” which BREAKS the covenant


                                            vi.      In other words, if you are in a covenant (contract) with someone and you break a condition of that contract, you are in breach and the contract is no longer valid because it has been broken.


                                         vii.      THIS IS WHY when Adam & Eve were in covenant with God in the garden, He gave them one command to keep. As long as they kept that command, they were OBEDIENT and reaped all of the benefits and blessings of the garden!

1.      But when they disobeyed that command, they broke the contract with God and were no longer allowed to partake in the Kingdom and were kicked out of the garden.


                                       viii.      Thank God that if we mess up and break covenant with Christ Jesus today, we can confess and repent…this New Contract purchased with the Blood of Christ is better than any other ever offered to humankind!



b.     They asked the Egyptians for spoils on their way out

                                                 i.      Which was commanded by the Lord


                                              ii.      We see in scripture the Lord put it on the people to help and give, so they did



c.      They journeyed from Rameses to Sukkoth



III.            430 YEARS EXPLAINED

a.      Exodus 12:40 has caused some debate over the years

                                                 i.      “Now the length of time the Israelite people lived in Egypt was 430 years.”

                                              ii.      Some say the Israelites were in Egypt for only 215 years

                                           iii.      Some mentions the verse where it says 400

                                            iv.      This verse says 430…so what is going on?



b.     Moses was adept in detail and mathematics

                                                 i.      Collapsing text can create errors that do not really exist in scripture


                                              ii.      This is one of the biggest problems with amateur theologians


                                           iii.      They assume if two words are similar in text that the verses are related to one another or by taking similar verses “out of context” they unintentionally create a false theme or doctrine.


                                            iv.      It is clear, from Scripture, that Moses was the author of the first five books of the Bible, the Pentateuch.


1.      Not only did he record God’s eyewitness account of what happened (Exodus 24:18), but he would have been educated well in Pharaoh’s house in the history of Egypt as well as in the History of his people (Exodus 2:7–11).


2.      So, Moses rounding off dates seems meaningless considering his knowledge, not to mention his attention to detail when it came to chronologies.



c.      The Simple Solution and Answer to this riddle

                                                 i.      So, what’s the deal? How long were the Israelites enslaved? The answer is given by Henry Ainsworth, a British theologian from the early 1600s:


1.      Genesis 17:8 “The whole land of Canaan, where you now reside as a foreigner, I will give as an everlasting possession to you and your descendants after you; and I will be their God.” & Psalm 105:11-12


2.      Genesis 21:9 “But Sarah saw that the son whom Hagar the Egyptian had borne to Abraham was mocking”

                                              ii.      This began when Ishmael, son of Hagar the Egyptian, mocked and persecuted Isaac, Genesis 21:9.


                                           iii.      Galatians 4:29 “At that time the son born according to the flesh persecuted the son born by the power of the Spirit. It is the same now.”


1.      Which fell out thirty years after the promise, Genesis 12:3.


2.      Which the promise was four hundred and thirty years before the law, Galatians 3:17. and four hundred and thirty years after that promise, came Israel out of bondage, Exodus 12: 41.


So, there is no contradiction between 215, 400 and 430 years in the scriptures, just confusion caused by collapsing the text and taking similar verses out of context.




            The Israelites are now on the move, and everything is taking place as the Lord said. Their obedience to the Passover instructions protected them from the final curse, and their obedience also gained them many spoils from the Egyptians on their way out of the city to begin their new life.




We will look at the restrictions the Lord placed on the Passover now that the Israelites were on the move from Egypt



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