Sunday, July 3, 2022

The Exodus – Part 20 The Passover Instructions

The Exodus – Part 20

The Passover Instructions

Pastor Bruce A. Shields

House of Faith Church | |

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This Document is a Sermon Outline. You may hear the full audio of the actual sermon by following the link Online Audio Files located above for this and other Full Sermon Audios.  For a complete list of Sermon Outlines, visit or Truth Digest on Facebook; for our Official Church website, visit, or find us on Facebook at House of Faith Church.




·          The Book of Genesis

·          The Book of Exodus

·        Introduction

·         Israelite’s Oppression

·         The Birth of Moses

·         Moses Flees to Midian

·         Moses and the Burning Bush

·         Signs for Moses

·         Moses Returns to Egypt

·         Moses Speaks to Pharaoh

·         God Promises Deliverance

·         God Speaks of the Israelites

·         The First Miracle

§  The First Plague: Blood

§  The Second Plague: Frogs

§  The Third & Fourth Plague: Gnats & Flies

§  The Fifth & Sixth Plague: Livestock and Boils

§  The Seventh Plague: Hail

§  The Eighth Plague: Locusts

§  The Ninth Plague: Darkness

§  The Tenth Plague: First Born

o   Passover Instructions



The tenth plague is about to hit Egypt, which is the death of the firstborn sons. There are some important things to remember before we go any further though.


God judged Egypt, Pharaoh and Satan at the first meeting of Moses, Aaron and the Pharaoh. I believe the miracles (signs) that God did through Moses and Aaron were a declaration of guilt and judgment to Egypt, the Pharaoh and a personal message to Satan himself.


·        The first sign was the staff turning to a serpent

o   A serpent from a wood staff allegorically represents Satan in the garden

o   Moses, a servant of God doing God’s will, by the Word and command of God to pick the serpent up, did, and it returned to a staff without harming Moses.

o   Though this miracle would amaze people, I believe this message was directed at Satan himself, who was probably sitting right next to Pharaoh, ruling the world through him.

o   The statement being, you are the serpent from the garden, you cannot harm my servant who does what I command.


·        The second sign was healing of leprosy

o   This miracle shows that though sin may be like a disease to the flesh of man, our flesh will be healed and redeemed by the Word of God

o   Again, a miracle to the watchers but a statement to Satan that his work will be made void by the work of the Word of God


·        The final miracle was water turning to blood

o   Again, a miracle to Egypt and Pharaoh, but a message to Satan that through water (the Spirit of God, the Holy Spirit) blood would redeem man and reconcile them to God


So, Pharaoh and Egypt had already been judged by God, however, God waited to bring judgment upon them until after He released the plagues so that the world would know, there was no God like Him.


Exodus 9:14b “…so you may know that there is no one like me in all the earth.”



            Today we look at what the Lord teaches about the calendar and Passover.



Exodus 12:1-13

“The Lord said to Moses and Aaron in Egypt, 2 “This month is to be for you the first month, the first month of your year. 3 Tell the whole community of Israel that on the tenth day of this month each man is to take a lamb[a] for his family, one for each household. 4 If any household is too small for a whole lamb, they must share one with their nearest neighbor, having taken into account the number of people there are. You are to determine the amount of lamb needed in accordance with what each person will eat. 5 The animals you choose must be year-old males without defect, and you may take them from the sheep or the goats. 6 Take care of them until the fourteenth day of the month, when all the members of the community of Israel must slaughter them at twilight. 7 Then they are to take some of the blood and put it on the sides and tops of the doorframes of the houses where they eat the lambs. 8 That same night they are to eat the meat roasted over the fire, along with bitter herbs, and bread made without yeast. 9 Do not eat the meat raw or boiled in water, but roast it over a fire—with the head, legs and internal organs. 10 Do not leave any of it till morning; if some is left till morning, you must burn it. 11 This is how you are to eat it: with your cloak tucked into your belt, your sandals on your feet and your staff in your hand. Eat it in haste; it is the Lord’s Passover.


12 “On that same night I will pass through Egypt and strike down every firstborn of both people and animals, and I will bring judgment on all the gods of Egypt. I am the Lord. 13 The blood will be a sign for you on the houses where you are, and when I see the blood, I will pass over you. No destructive plague will touch you when I strike Egypt.”





a.      The beginning of God’s Calendar

                                                 i.      This will be the first month of the year (verse 2)

                                              ii.      On the 10th day of this month, choose a year-old lamb without blemish

                                           iii.      Take care of this lamb until the 14th day

                                            iv.      Then sacrifice it at twilight



b.     The significance of this calendar and the Holy Days

                                                 i.      The calendar God designed for His people lays out His plan to redeem mankind

                                              ii.      If you lay the entire year down on the table and read it from beginning to end, you will discover that each Holy Day is significant in the steps of redemption

                                           iii.      This calendar IS what we call, the “Age of Grace”, or “The Church Age”

                                            iv.      This calendar represents everything that will take place, from the cross (Passover and the death of the firstborn) to the Feast of the Tabernacles, or eternity



c.      Why the Passover is the first Holy Day

                                                 i.      Because it represents the beginning of the Church Age, the Age of Grace

                                              ii.      Jesus, the Lamb, was examined for fault by the High Priests, they found no fault (blemish) in Him

                                           iii.      It was after the Passover feast Jesus went to the cross, a lamb without blemish, whose blood would be on the doors of the hearts of those who surrender to Him so they would be “passed-over” on the Day of Judgment.

                                            iv.      The first Holy Day marking the beginning of the Church Age and redemption of humankind




a.      The Lamb

                                                 i.      Year old without blemish, spotless, with no fault

                                              ii.      Why perfect? Because it represents Jesus Christ, who is without fault or blemish


b.     The Blood

                                                 i.      The lamb’s blood on the door frames representing Christ’s atoning blood

                                              ii.      The blood of Jesus, which covers everyone who belongs to Him

                                           iii.      Jesus, His blood spilled for us, and a covering for Judgment Day


c.      The Preparation

                                                 i.      Take care of the lamb for 4 days

1.      Some believe this was because Egyptians worshipped them (among other animals) as earthly manifestations of gods


2.      By keeping the sheep for 4 days with the intent of sacrificing them, some believe it would be an act of civil disobedience to Egypt, and a declaration of their being freed from Egypt’s religious oppression.

a.      Remember, Pharaoh would not let God’s people go into the desert and worship and offer sacrifice.

b.     He denied them their religious freedom


3.      Some say it is because after spending 4 days with a little lamb, would become attached to it.

4.      This would make the sacrifice of the lamb more personal, difficult

5.      It would help bring home the emotional pain to the household of the sacrifice made for their freedom

6.      Specifically, the sacrifice God would make for all of humankind


                                              ii.      On the fourth day sacrifice it at twilight (which is when the following day begins)

1.      Take the blood and paint your door frames


2.      Do not eat the lamb raw or boiled

a.      ONLY roasted on fire

b.     Why? Because fire is symbolic of God’s judgment

c.      God’s judgment is coming on Egypt, and only the blood of the lamb will protect you from it

d.     Allegorically, God’s judgment is coming to humankind, and only the blood of the lamb (Jesus) will protect you from it.


3.      Whatever cannot be eaten that night must be burned in the fire


4.      Meaning, after Judgment Day there will be nothing left for anyone who has not already taken of the lamb. No second chances, nothing left over for the disobedient.


                                           iii.      Eat it in this manner

1.      Cloak tucked into your belt (gird your loins)

2.      Sandals on your feet

3.      Staff in your hand

4.      Eat in haste, this is the Passover


                                            iv.      All of this represents a people who are about to go on the run

1.      After the Passover they would have to run until they reached the promised land


2.      Just as it is with us, when we accept the Lord, we begin to run our race until we reach the promised land.


3.      Hebrews 12:1 “Therefore, since we are surrounded by such a great cloud of witnesses, let us throw off everything that hinders and the sin that so easily entangles. And let us run with perseverance the race marked out for us,”





a.      On that same night

                                                 i.      The Lord states He will pass through Egypt and strike down the firstborn

                                              ii.      Verse 12 says, “…I will bring judgment on all the gods of Egypt. I am the Lord.”

                                           iii.      Remember, they were already judged, now comes the judgment



b.     I will bring judgment

                                                 i.      Passing over the doors where the blood was painted

                                              ii.      With obedience comes protection, blessings and benefits

                                           iii.      If one did not obey the Word of God here, they would not have the protection of the Lord.

1.      If they used a chicken instead of a lamb

2.      If they didn’t live with it 4 days

3.      If they sacrificed it in the morning instead of twilight

4.      If they ate it raw or boiled

5.      The list goes on


                                            iv.      Obedience has always been key to unlocking the benefits, protection, and blessings of God



c.      Commemorate this day (Do this in remembrance of me)

                                                 i.      Verse 14 “This is a day you are to commemorate; for the generations to come you shall celebrate it as a festival to the Lord—a lasting ordinance.”


                                              ii.      Sound familiar?

1.      Luke 22:8-23 Jesus and the last supper (Passover) said, “Do this in remembrance of me.”


                                           iii.      Jesus and this day are to be remembered for what was done, and what makes us truly free.




            We are witnessing more than the Lord freeing His people from the bondage of Egypt. We are seeing the here the condition of fallen man, the power Satan tries to hold over man, the coming of our Savior, sent by God, His work which will free us, the plan of salvation, the establishment of a calendar and holy days, and how everything in the Old Testament is a foreshadow of Christ Jesus and God’s plan to free us from the sin of this world.






We will look at the Feast of Unleavened Bread and examine its significance.



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