Heaven & Hell by Pastor Bruce A. Shields

Sunday, November 7, 2021

God’s Timeline – Part 49 Joseph’s Brothers come to Egypt

 God’s Timeline – Part 49

Joseph’s Brothers come to Egypt

Pastor Bruce A. Shields

House of Faith Church | www.PS127.org | www.TruthDigest.org

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This Document is a Sermon Outline, you may hear the full audio of the actual sermon by following the link Online Audio Files located above for this, and other Full Sermon Audios.  For a complete list of Sermon Outlines, visit TruthDigest.org or Truth Digest on facebook; for our Official Church website, visit PS127.org, or find us on Facebook at House of Faith Church


SERMON TIMELINE (2021 A.D. = 5781 Jewish Calendar Year)

 -         Creation Week (Approximately 3700 - 4000 B.C.)

o   Adam, Eve, and the Fall

-         Cain and Abel

o   Evil Fills the World

-         Noah Did All God Commanded Him

o   The Flood (2348 B.C.)

o   God’s Covenant with Noah

o   Noah’s Sons and Ham’s Sin

o   Nations of Noah’s Sons

-         Tower of Babel (Approximately 2200 B.C.)

 -         God calls Abram (1921 B.C. 75 years old)

o   Abram and Lot part ways (1915 B.C.)

o   Rescue of Lot (1914 B.C.)

-         The Lord’s Covenant with Abram for Isaac

o   Hagar and Ishmael Born (1910 B.C.) Abram 86 years old

o   Sarai and Isaac

o   The Three Visitors

o   Abraham Pleads for Sodom

-         Birth of Isaac (1897 B.C. Abraham 99 years old Sarah 90-Hagar and Ishmael sent away)

o   The Lord tests Abraham (1876 B.C.)

o   Sarah Dies 127 years old (1860 B.C. Abraham is 136)

-         Isaac marries Rebekah (1857 B.C. Isaac was 40 when he married Rebekah)

 -         Jacob and Esau are born (1837 B.C. Isaac was 60 Abraham 159)

o   Abraham dies at 175 (1822 B.C. Isaac was 75)

o   Isaac receives the Birthright and his father’s blessing

o   Esau marries two Hittites at 40 (1857 B.C.)

o   Esau marries a daughter of Ishmael

o   Jacob travels to his grandfather’s family to find a wife (1819 B.C.)

o   Jacob’s Dream at Bethel

o   Jacob marries Leah then Rachel

§  Levi is born (1749 B.C.)

§  Joseph is born (1741 B.C.)

§  Benjamin is born (1731 B.C.)

o   Jacob fled Laban and is pursued

o   Jacob Prepares to meet Esau

o   Jacob Wrestles with God & Becomes Israel

o   Jacob Meets with Esau after 20 Years

o   Jacob’s Daughter Raped by Shechem

o   Jacob Returns to Bethel

o   The Deaths of Rachel and Isaac (1716 B.C. Isaac was 180 years old)

-         Joseph’s Dreams (Joseph is seventeen at the time)

o   Joseph Sold by His Brothers (1724 B.C.)

o   Joseph Imprisoned

o   Joseph interprets dreams while in prison

o   Joseph Interprets the Pharaoh’s Dream

o   Joseph enters the service of Pharaoh (1711 B.C. 7 years abundance begins)

o   Joseph’s Brothers Go to Egypt (Approx. 1704 B.C. begins 7-year famine)





Joseph is made second in command over all of Egypt.


We read in Genesis 41 last week that Joseph collected grain during the seven years of abundance and filled storehouses, so much so, they stopped counting.


In Genesis 41:53 we read that the seven years abundance came to an end and the famine began, just as Joseph said. We also read that this famine was world-wide, and all the world would come to Egypt for their salvation from starvation.




Genesis 42:1-17

“When Jacob learned that there was grain in Egypt, he said to his sons, “Why do you just keep looking at each other?” 2 He continued, “I have heard that there is grain in Egypt. Go down there and buy some for us, so that we may live and not die.”


3 Then ten of Joseph’s brothers went down to buy grain from Egypt. 4 But Jacob did not send Benjamin, Joseph’s brother, with the others, because he was afraid that harm might come to him. 5 So Israel’s sons were among those who went to buy grain, for there was famine in the land of Canaan also.


6 Now Joseph was the governor of the land, the person who sold grain to all its people. So when Joseph’s brothers arrived, they bowed down to him with their faces to the ground. 7 As soon as Joseph saw his brothers, he recognized them, but he pretended to be a stranger and spoke harshly to them. “Where do you come from?” he asked.


“From the land of Canaan,” they replied, “to buy food.”


8 Although Joseph recognized his brothers, they did not recognize him. 9 Then he remembered his dreams about them and said to them, “You are spies! You have come to see where our land is unprotected.”


10 “No, my lord,” they answered. “Your servants have come to buy food. 11 We are all the sons of one man. Your servants are honest men, not spies.”


12 “No!” he said to them. “You have come to see where our land is unprotected.”


13 But they replied, “Your servants were twelve brothers, the sons of one man, who lives in the land of Canaan. The youngest is now with our father, and one is no more.”


14 Joseph said to them, “It is just as I told you: You are spies! 15 And this is how you will be tested: As surely as Pharaoh lives, you will not leave this place unless your youngest brother comes here. 16 Send one of your number to get your brother; the rest of you will be kept in prison, so that your words may be tested to see if you are telling the truth. If you are not, then as surely as Pharaoh lives, you are spies!” 17 And he put them all in custody for three days.



a.      Why do you just keep looking at each other?

                                              i.      Why are you standing around doing nothing? Go to Egypt and buy us food!


                                           ii.      This may also be an allegory of the Father in heaven (represented by Jacob here) telling the tribes of Israel to stop standing around and FEED the PEOPLE who are starving around them.


                                        iii.      Joseph, as a type of Christ, has storehouses filled to overflowing with manna



b.     Jacob did not send Benjamin

                                              i.      We are not explicitly told why in the scriptures; some believe it is because once Joseph was gone Jacob felt the Lord wanted the Birthright and Blessing to be Benjamins.


                                           ii.      He may have been afraid of losing Benjamin if anything happened to them on the trip to Egypt and he would be left with no heir


                                        iii.      Or, perhaps he feared the brothers may do something to Benjamin if they were jealous of the father’s love for him as they were with Joseph?



c.      Israel’s sons leave to buy grain in Egypt

                                              i.      Verse 5 states “Israel’s sons,” giving us clue to the text and its duality

1.      This is what God wanted (Israel opposed to Jacob)


2.      Allegorically speaking of the future when God desires the tribes of Israel to seek out salvation, unlike food from Joseph so they may live, manna from Jesus so they may live eternally.




a.      Joseph’s brothers arrive and bow before him with their faces to the ground

                                                             i.      Remember their anger and response to Joseph’s dream in Genesis 37:8?


                                                          ii.      “His brothers said to him, “Do you intend to reign over us? Will you actually rule us?” And they hated him all the more because of his dream and what he had said.”


                                                       iii.      Yet, here they were.

b.     Verse 9 states Joseph recalls his dream in Genesis 37:7

                                                             i.      “We were binding sheaves of grain out in the field when suddenly my sheaf rose and stood upright, while your sheaves gathered around mine and bowed down to it.”


                                                          ii.      Sheaves of grain…revealing that the time they would bow would have to do with gathering grain, more specifically, the famine


                                                       iii.      Joseph, his sheaf rose (grew taller, gained more) and stood upright, Joseph rose to a position of authority.



c.      Joseph recognizes them, but they do not recognize him (13 years passed)

                                                             i.      The last time his brothers saw Joseph, he was 17


                                                          ii.      Joseph was 30 by the time he went into the Pharaoh’s service


                                                       iii.      At least 7 years of abundance has passed, and the famine has begun


                                                        iv.      So, Joseph is at least 20 years older than the last time his brothers saw him


                                                           v.      Also, Joseph is the second in command of all of Egypt, surly he has dressed the part, wearing jewelry and garments, and looking nothing like a Jewish farmer any longer.


                                                        vi.      Though his brothers would look much the same as before




a.      Jacob loved Rachel more than anyone else

                                                             i.      Jacob chose Joseph to receive the Birthright and Father’s Blessing


                                                          ii.      Once Joseph was taken away from him, thought to be dead, Jacob may have felt it was the Lord’s will for Benjamin to receive the Birthright and Blessing since he was next in line after Joseph.


                                                       iii.      We read a few weeks ago that Reuben defiling his father’s bed with his father’s concubine was the reason he lost the birthright and blessing.



b.     Jacob, Joseph, and others felt the Lord would want Benjamin to replace Joseph

                                                             i.      Jacob may have felt this because of his love for Rachel and Joseph


                                                          ii.      Joseph may have assumed this because Benjamin was not with his brothers when they came to Egypt


                                                       iii.      Either way, Joseph wanted to know how his brothers felt for Benjamin, knowing their jealousy drove them to attempt murder and sell him into slavery.



c.      Joseph says to the brothers, “For I fear God,”

                                                             i.      Joseph put them all in prison for three days


                                                          ii.      On the third day, Joseph released them saying, “Do what I tell you and you will live, for I fear God…


                                                       iii.      The literal states Joseph said “'Elôhı̂ym” for God, which is Hebrew


                                                        iv.      This would probably seem strange to the brothers hearing an “Egyptian” use the name of their Hebrew God that was not widely known at the time, probably not outside their family.


                                                           v.      By now in our historical timeline, most places like Egypt and other larger countries have developed their own false religions and beliefs. So hearing the name of the true God being used by the Governor of Egypt may be what led them to say they thought they were being punished by God for what they did to their brother Joseph.


                                                        vi.      So, what do they have to do to live?




Joseph allows nine of the brothers to leave, but keeps Simeon and tells them when they return, they MUST have Benjamin with them.


 Genesis 42:21-25

21 They said to one another, “Surely we are being punished because of our brother. We saw how distressed he was when he pleaded with us for his life, but we would not listen; that’s why this distress has come on us.”


22 Reuben replied, “Didn’t I tell you not to sin against the boy? But you wouldn’t listen! Now we must give an accounting for his blood.” 23 They did not realize that Joseph could understand them, since he was using an interpreter.


24 He turned away from them and began to weep, but then came back and spoke to them again. He had Simeon taken from them and bound before their eyes.



25 Joseph gave orders to fill their bags with grain, to put each man’s silver back in his sack, and to give them provisions for their journey. After this was done for them, 26 they loaded their grain on their donkeys and left.


Next week we will read about the brothers returning home to tell Jacob they need to return to Egypt with Benjamin.



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Minister's Manual by Pastor Bruce A. Shields