Sunday, February 14, 2016

Paul's Epistles - Galatians Part 5 – Paul Opposes Peter

Paul's Epistles - Galatians
Part 5 – Paul Opposes Peter
Pastor Bruce A. Shields
House of Faith Church | www.PS127.org | www.TruthDigest.org


INTRODUCTION
Ø  Began looking at Paul’s ministry in 2011 starting with the beginning of his journey in Christ. The foundation and start of the story found in the book of Acts.

Ø  Examined Acts 4 - 20 in 2012

Ø  Finished Acts and selected chapters of Revelation in 2013

Ø  Studied Romans & started I Corinthians in 2014

Ø  Then completed I Corinthians & II Corinthians in 2015

109 sermons and nearly four years later, I pray you are beginning to get a grasp on the life and ministry of Paul, as well as get an understanding from the book of Acts how a church is to operate, and through Paul’s letters, see how we are to correct the issues we face in a modern church.

Leaving II Corinthians, we have begun looking at Galatians.

If you remember, the Galatian church was founded in a land taken by the Gaul’s, whose historical persona was to embrace change, even look for it.

Saul met the Lord on the road to Damascus (Acts 9) and was converted and later the Lord changed Saul of Tarsus to Paul. (Around Acts 13:9)

Paul did NOT go to Jerusalem to consult the Apostles, but to Arabia, then back to Damascus. After 3 years, Paul went to Jerusalem to become acquainted with Cephas (Peter), staying there 15 days. Then he went to Syria and Cilicia.

After another 14 years Paul returned to Jerusalem.

17+ years following Christ before returning to Jerusalem.

Today we will read how Paul opposed Peter (Cephas)

SCRIPTURE REFERENCE Galatians 2:11-21
 11 When Cephas {Peter} came to Antioch {Syria}, I opposed him to his face, because he stood condemned. 12 For before certain men came from James, he used to eat with the Gentiles. But when they arrived, he began to draw back and separate himself from the Gentiles because he was afraid of those who belonged to the circumcision group. 13 The other Jews joined him in his hypocrisy, so that by their hypocrisy even Barnabas was led astray.

14 When I saw that they were not acting in line with the truth of the gospel, I said to Cephas in front of them all, “You are a Jew, yet you live like a Gentile and not like a Jew. How is it, then, that you force Gentiles to follow Jewish customs?

15 “We who are Jews by birth and not sinful Gentiles 16 know that a person is not justified by the works of the law, but by faith in Jesus Christ. So we, too, have put our faith in Christ Jesus that we may be justified by faith in Christ and not by the works of the law, because by the works of the law no one will be justified.

17 “But if, in seeking to be justified in Christ, we Jews find ourselves also among the sinners, doesn’t that mean that Christ promotes sin? Absolutely not! 18 If I rebuild what I destroyed, then I really would be a lawbreaker.

19 “For through the law I died to the law so that I might live for God. 20 I have been crucified with Christ and I no longer live, but Christ lives in me. The life I now live in the body, I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me. 21 I do not set aside the grace of God, for if righteousness could be gained through the law, Christ died for nothing!”



    I.      PETER STOPPED PREACHING SALVATION BY FAITH
a. Peter reverted to preaching The Law
                                                                                  i. Paul states this began when certain men sent by James began speaking with peter

                                                                               ii. Peter used to eat with Gentiles, and preach Salvation by Grace

                                                                            iii. After pressure from these circumcised men, Peter changed his behavior, and teachings.

                                                                              iv. Peter “drew back” and separated himself from Gentiles out of fear of conflict with the circumcised
b. This is a perfect example of why we do not follow men
                                                                                  i. Psalm 146:3Do not put your trust in princes, in human beings, who cannot save”

                                                                               ii. Whether Apostle, bishop, priest, pastor or pope, they are NOT the final word, no matter how tall their hat, how white their robe, or how much “authority or title” has been given to them by man, ONLY the Word of God has the final say on all matters!


c. The other Jews joined Peter in the Antioch Church
                                                                                  i. Paul, out of fear of men (the circumcised) created the first “click” in the Antioch church.
1. Romans 16:17-18aI urge you, brothers and sisters, to watch out for those who cause divisions and put obstacles in your way that are contrary to the teaching you have learned. Keep away from them. For such persons do not serve our Lord Christ, but their own appetites…

2. I Corinthians 1:10-13I appeal to you, brothers, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that all of you agree, and that there be no divisions among you, but that you be united in the same mind and the same judgment. For it has been reported to me by Chloe's people that there is quarreling among you, my brothers. What I mean is that each one of you says, “I follow Paul,” or “I follow Apollos,” or “I follow Cephas,” or “I follow Christ.” Is Christ divided? Was Paul crucified for you? Or were you baptized in the name of Paul?”

3. Luke 11:17 “But he, knowing their thoughts, said to them, “Every kingdom divided against itself is laid waste, and a divided household falls.”



II.      DIVISION, JUDGMENT, CORRECTION
a. Peters actions and teaching caused division in the church
                                                                                  i. The Jews joined him, and he even led Barnabas astray

                                                                               ii. Paul refers to Peter’s actions as “hypocrisy”, because he rejected “Saved by Grace, and Faith in Christ” and returned (or reverted) to The Law, which does not save, but condemn.

                                                                            iii. Peter caused a division in the Antioch church, and their first “click”

                                                                              iv. When Paul sees this, he rebukes Peter (correcting judgment)


b. Paul rebuked (corrected) Peter on this matter
                                                                                  i. “When I {Paul} saw they did not believe in line with the Truth of the Gospel, I said to Peter, “You are a Jew living like a Gentile, how can you force Gentiles to follow Jewish customs?”

                                                                               ii. Paul properly judged his brother in Christ!

                                                                            iii. We are commanded by Christ to judge our brothers and sisters according to the Word they claim they belong.

                                                                              iv. We are NOT supposed to judge the lost, but call them to repentance and Salvation in Christ Jesus!

                                                                                 v. As far as judging we can never do, is whether someone is going to heaven or hell, for no one but God knows the heart of man, and only Christ is worthy to judge on this matter!


c. The difference between judging and judging
                                                                                  i. Judging Brothers and Sisters (Those who are Saved!)
1. Matthew 18:15-17a “If your brother or sister sins, go and point out their fault, just between the two of you. If they listen to you, you have won them over. 16 But if they will not listen, take one or two others along, so that ‘every matter may be established by the testimony of two or three witnesses.’ 17 If they still refuse to listen, tell it to the church; and if they refuse to listen even to the church, treat them as you would a pagan (non-believer, unsaved)...”

2. James 5:19-20 “19 My brothers and sisters, if one of you should wander from the truth (fall into sin) and someone should bring that person back, 20 remember this: Whoever turns a sinner (a brother or sister who wandered from the Truth) from the error of their way will save them from death (second death at judgment day) and cover over a multitude of sins. (They will be forgiven and back in a right standing with God)

                                                                               ii. Not judging Sinners (Unsaved)
1. John 12:47-48 “If anyone hears my words but does not keep them, I (Jesus) do not judge that person. For I did not come to judge the world, but to save the world. 48 There is a judge for the one who rejects me and does not accept my words; the very words I have spoken will condemn them at the last day.”

a. A judgment of heaven and hell IS coming, but on the last day!

b. Jesus is NOT judging sinners right now, but trying to save them!

c. Shouldn’t we be doing the same?

2. Matthew 28:18-19aJesus came to them and said, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. 19 Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20 and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you.”

a. The order on instruction is crucial!
                                                                                                                                                                                                            i.      Make disciples (Salvation)

                                                                                                                                                                                                         ii.      Baptize fully

1         Father (The Law)

2         Son (Solution to Law)

3         Holy Spirit (Connection to God)

                                                                                                                                                                                                      iii.      Then teach to obey Christ’s Teaching


d. Paul rebuked Peter in front of the church
                                                                                  i. Why? Because he was an Apostle, and his error was before the entire church, therefore the correction had to be as well.



III.      JUSTIFICATION COMES BY FAITH ALONE NOT LAW
a. A person cannot be justified by the works of The Law
                                                                                  i. The Law only shows the need for a Savior

                                                                               ii. The Law only condemns us

                                                                            iii. Vs 16 “By the works of the Law, no one will be justified!”


b. When one fails, is it the fault of Christ?
                                                                                  i. If in seeking to be Justified in Christ we find ourselves among sinners (in sin), is Christ a minister of sin? (or rather, is He to blame for us falling into sin?)

1. God forbid!

2. Christ has not failed us, it is us who have failed Christ.


c. If we revert to old ways, we sin
                                                                                  i. If I build what I destroy (Paul destroyed the Law by preaching Salvation by Grace, building it again means returning to it.), THEN I would be a sinner.

                                                                               ii. To revert to the Law or ANY state of being before our Salvation by Grace in Jesus Christ would be a departure from the Truth of the Gospel! Departure from the Truth is sin!

1. James 5:19-20 “19 My brothers and sisters, if one of you should wander from the truth (fall into sin) and someone should bring that person back, 20 remember this: Whoever turns a sinner (a brother or sister who wandered from the Truth) from the error of their way will save them from death (second death at judgment day) and cover over a multitude of sins. (They will be forgiven and back in a right standing with God)
                                                                            iii. Through the Law (which Christ perfectly kept and suffered penalty on our behalf) I am dead to the Law

1. Though the Law is not dead
a. Romans 6:3-5 “don’t you know that all of us who were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death? We were therefore buried with him through baptism into death in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, we too may live a new life.

For if we have been united with him in a death like his, we will certainly also be united with him in a resurrection like his.

                                                                              iv. I might live for God
1. Only possible through Christ Jesus, not the Law





CONCLUSIONI HAVE BEEN CRUCIFIED WITH CHRIST

I no longer live, but Christ lives in me. 

The life I now live in the body, I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me. 

 I do not set aside the grace of God (or return to The Law or Works), for if righteousness could be gained through the law, Christ died for nothing!”






Want to learn more about Salvation and Getting Saved?    CLICK HERE!

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