Sunday, October 3, 2021

God’s Timeline – Part 44 Joseph Sold by His Brothers

 God’s Timeline – Part 44

Joseph Sold by His Brothers

Pastor Bruce A. Shields

House of Faith Church | |

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SERMON TIMELINE (2021 A.D. = 5781 Jewish Calendar Year)

 -         Creation Week (Approximately B.C.)

o   Adam, Eve, and the Fall


-         Cain and Abel

o   Evil Fills the World


-         Noah Did All God Commanded Him

o   The Flood (B.C.)

o   God’s Covenant with Noah

o   Noah’s Sons and Ham’s Sin

o   Nations of Noah’s Sons


-         Tower of Babel

 -         God calls Abram (B.C.)

o   Abram and Lot part ways (B.C.)

o   Rescue of Lot (B.C.)


-         The Lord’s Covenant with Abram for Isaac

o   Hagar and Ishmael Born (B.C.) Abram 86 years old

o   Sarai and Isaac

o   The Three Visitors

o   Abraham Pleads for Sodom


-         Birth of Isaac (2066 B.C. Abraham 99 years old Sarah 90-Hagar and Ishmael sent away)

o   The Lord tests Abraham (B.C.)

o   Sarah Dies 127 years old (B.C. Abraham is 136)


-         Isaac marries Rebekah (B.C. Isaac was 40 when he married Rebekah)

 -         Jacob and Esau are born (B.C. Isaac was 60 Abraham 159)

o   Abraham dies at 175 (B.C. Isaac was 75)

o   Isaac receives the Birthright and his father’s blessing

o   Esau marries two Hittites at 40 (B.C.)

o   Esau marries a daughter of Ishmael

o   Jacob travels to his grandfather’s family to find a wife (B.C.)

o   Jacob’s Dream at Bethel

o   Jacob marries Leah then Rachel

§  Levi is born (B.C.)

§  Joseph is born (B.C.)

o   Jacob fled Laban and is pursued (B.C.)

o   Jacob Prepares to meet Esau

o   Jacob Wrestles with God & Becomes Israel

o   Jacob Meets with Esau after 20 Years

o   Jacob’s Daughter Raped by Shechem (B.C.)

o   Jacob Returns to Bethel

o   The Deaths of Rachel and Isaac (Isaac was 180 years old)


-         Joseph’s Dreams (Joseph is seventeen at the time)

o   Joseph Sold by His Brothers





Last week in Genesis 37 we read about Joseph having two dreams and how he shared those with his brothers and father.


We looked at how the dreams were Joseph’s future, but also a prophecy of the Second Coming of Christ, which Joseph is referred to as a “Type of Christ” in scripture.


We know that he was favored by his father Jacob and receiving the ornate robe from him signifying he would receive the father’s blessing and birthright, though he was second to last on the list of son’s birth order.


Jacob’s brothers hated him, and they hated him, even more, when he revealed his dreams to them at the age of 17. His brothers were jealous, and his father rebuked him for his dreams. Now his brothers have come up with a plan to get rid of Joseph.


Genesis 37:12-36

“Now his brothers had gone to graze their father’s flocks near Shechem, 13 and Israel said to Joseph, “As you know, your brothers are grazing the flocks near Shechem. Come, I am going to send you to them.”


“Very well,” he replied.


14 So he said to him, “Go and see if all is well with your brothers and with the flocks, and bring word back to me.” Then he sent him off from the Valley of Hebron.


When Joseph arrived at Shechem, 15 a man found him wandering around in the fields and asked him, “What are you looking for?”


16 He replied, “I’m looking for my brothers. Can you tell me where they are grazing their flocks?”


17 “They have moved on from here,” the man answered. “I heard them say, ‘Let’s go to Dothan.’”


So Joseph went after his brothers and found them near Dothan. 18 But they saw him in the distance, and before he reached them, they plotted to kill him.


19 “Here comes that dreamer!” they said to each other. 20 “Come now, let’s kill him and throw him into one of these cisterns and say that a ferocious animal devoured him. Then we’ll see what comes of his dreams.”


21 When Reuben heard this, he tried to rescue him from their hands. “Let’s not take his life,” he said. 22 “Don’t shed any blood. Throw him into this cistern here in the wilderness, but don’t lay a hand on him.” Reuben said this to rescue him from them and take him back to his father.


23 So when Joseph came to his brothers, they stripped him of his robe—the ornate robe he was wearing— 24 and they took him and threw him into the cistern. The cistern was empty; there was no water in it.


25 As they sat down to eat their meal, they looked up and saw a caravan of Ishmaelites coming from Gilead. Their camels were loaded with spices, balm and myrrh, and they were on their way to take them down to Egypt.


26 Judah said to his brothers, “What will we gain if we kill our brother and cover up his blood? 27 Come, let’s sell him to the Ishmaelites and not lay our hands on him; after all, he is our brother, our own flesh and blood.” His brothers agreed.


28 So when the Midianite merchants came by, his brothers pulled Joseph up out of the cistern and sold him for twenty shekels [8oz] of silver to the Ishmaelites, who took him to Egypt.


29 When Reuben returned to the cistern and saw that Joseph was not there, he tore his clothes. 30 He went back to his brothers and said, “The boy isn’t there! Where can I turn now?”


31 Then they got Joseph’s robe, slaughtered a goat and dipped the robe in the blood. 32 They took the ornate robe back to their father and said, “We found this. Examine it to see whether it is your son’s robe.”


33 He recognized it and said, “It is my son’s robe! Some ferocious animal has devoured him. Joseph has surely been torn to pieces.”


34 Then Jacob tore his clothes, put on sackcloth and mourned for his son many days. 35 All his sons and daughters came to comfort him, but he refused to be comforted. “No,” he said, “I will continue to mourn until I join my son in the grave.” So his father wept for him.


36 Meanwhile, the Midianites sold Joseph in Egypt to Potiphar, one of Pharaoh’s officials, the captain of the guard.”


        I.         JOSEPH, A “TYPE OF CHRIST”

a.      Last week we read of many things that reflect Christ and the Second Coming

                                  i.      We see Jacob loves Joseph, the Father loves the Son

                               ii.      Jacob adorns Joseph with an ornate robe symbolizing the blessing of the father and the birthright, the Father adorns Jesus with the Holy Spirit symbolizing the “firstborn” and blessing of the Father

                            iii.      The eleven brothers hate Joseph because of this, the tribes hate Jesus because of this

                             iv.      Joseph shares prophetic dreams in truth with the brothers, and they hate him more and plot to kill him, Jesus shares the Truth with the tribes and they hate Him more and plot to kill Him


b.     There are many in scripture to be considered a “Type of Christ”

                                  i.      AdamRomans 5:14; 1 Corinthians 15:45

                               ii.      The ArkGenesis 7:16; 1 Peter 3:20-21

                            iii.      The Ark of the CovenantExodus 25:16; Psalm 40:81; Isaiah 42:6

                             iv.      Sacrifices offered on the Day of AtonementLeviticus 16:15-16

                                v.      Brazen SerpentNumbers 21:9; John 3:14-15

                             vi.      First Fruits, Golden Candlestick, Manna, Melchizedek, Mercy-Seat, Moses, Passover Lamb, Scape Goat, Sin Offering, The Tabernacle, Table and Show Bread, The Temple, and more.

                          vii.      The Old Testament is all about Jesus Christ, who He is, what He will do, where He came from, and why it must be this way.

c.      These seemingly “similarities” establish the Doctrine of Christ in the Old Testament

                                  i.      2 Timothy 3:16 “All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness,”

                               ii.      But TRUE Christian Doctrine comes from Scripture Alone!

1.      Mark 7:6-7 “…in vain do they worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men. 8 For laying aside the commandment of God, ye hold the tradition of men…”

2.      The New Testament warns of the “False Doctrines” that would be and were taught in Jesus’ day. Matthew 7:15; 2 Peter 2:1; 1 John 4:1; 2 Timothy 4:3

                            iii.      Sola Scriptura!

1.      The first of five teachings of the Protestant Reformation

2.      Meaning “By Scripture Alone”

a.      Sola Fide – “Justification by Faith alone”

b.     Sola Gratia – “Unmerited Favor, Grace”

c.      Solus Christus – “Salvation by Christ alone”

d.     Soli Deo Gloria – “Glory to God Alone”

3.      Many believers find themselves in trouble with their faith and at odds with God and His Word because they believe other books written by men, which often discredit, confound, or confuse the scriptures.


a.      Therefore, it is ALL true, for God is not a liar!


                             iv.      Sola Scriptura, by scripture alone!

1.      Scripture translates scripture

2.      Scripture gives understanding to other scriptures

3.      Do not be beguiled by the tickling of ears in vain books written by men who claim to know more than God, His Word, or the works of scripture as a whole.

4.      TRUE Christian Doctrine is established and writ in the Word of God not by man, church, denomination, system of belief, etc.



a.      Like Jesus, Joseph was “sent” by his father

                                  i.      VS 13 says “Israel” sent Joseph, to which Joseph relies, “Here I am”

                               ii.      This foreshadows Christ’s response in Psalm 40:7-8

“Then I said, “Here I am, I have come—

it is written about me in the scroll.

8 I desire to do your will, my God;

your law is within my heart.”


b.     Like the Jews, the brothers hated and plotted to kill the one sent

                                  i.      VS 18 “they saw him in the distance, and before he reached them, they plotted to kill him.”

                               ii.      Just as the Jews saw Jesus and His ministry before He was Glorified, and they plotted to kill Him.

                            iii.      We do see two of the brothers who were against the killing.

1.      The oldest, Reuben, suggested throwing Joseph into a well, trying to save his life, where he planned to come release him later.

2.      And Judah, who wished to sell Joseph into slavery for profit.

                             iv.      Like Jesus being sold by a brother (disciple Judas), Joseph would also be sold for silver by his brother Judah.


c.      Like Jacob deceiving his father with a kid, so, he was deceived

                                  i.      They took the symbol of firstborn and fathers blessing from him, covered it in lambs’ blood and showed it to the father to deceive him.

                               ii.      Two things here;

1.      Just as Jacob deceived his father with a lamb, now he was being deceived by a lamb

2.      The Jews tried to strip Jesus of his birthright and the father’s blessing

3.      When Jesus died at the cross, the blood of the lamb on the ornate garment (Holy Spirit) presented to the father, yet, Joseph, just like Jesus, was NOT dead, and did NOT lose the birthright nor the fathers blessing.

4.      God accomplishes what He sets out to do, and neither man, nor angel, nor demon, not a single thing can stop Him.

5.      God’s Will, will be done!



a.      Joseph Sold

                                  i.      For a handful of silver by Judah, just as Christ sold by Judas

                               ii.      Joseph would soon sit at the right hand of the King, just as Jesus would soon sit at God the Father’s right hand


b.     Jacob Deceived

                                  i.      Jacob would live this sadness and confusion for years, not understanding why God would choose Joseph, then let him die at the mouth of a beast.

                               ii.      Though God did not orchestrate the wickedness of the brothers, He worked all things for good.

                            iii.      James 1:17 “Every good and perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father…”

                             iv.      Romans 8:28 “…we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose.”


c.      Where Joseph Ends Up

                                  i.      Joseph ends up a servant in Egypt, sold to Potiphar, one of the Pharaoh’s officials, the captain of the guard.

                               ii.      Captain of the guard was responsible for the Pharaohs security, protection and over saw the prison. He was one of the Pharaohs most trusted men.




Though all seems lost to Jacob, and maybe even to Joseph, we need to remember, regardless the circumstances, God is in control!


1.      “Many are the plans in a man’s heart, but it is the Lord’s purpose that prevails.” – Proverbs 19:21


2.      “for dominion belongs to the Lord and he rules over the nations.” – Psalm 22:28


3.      “He is before all things, and in him all things hold together.” – Colossians 1:17


4.      “You intended to harm me, but God intended it for good to accomplish what is now being done, the saving of many lives.” – Genesis 50:20


5.      “say to those with fearful hearts, “Be strong, do not fear; your God will come, he will come with vengeance; with divine retribution he will come to save you.” – Isaiah 35:4


6.      “I am the Lord, and there is no other; apart from me there is no God. 


I will strengthen you, though you have not acknowledged me, so that from the rising of the sun to the place of its setting people may know there is none besides me. 


I am the Lord, and there is no other. 


I form the light and create darkness, I bring prosperity and create disaster;


I, the Lord, do all these things.” –Isaiah 45:5-7



Next week we will read about Joseph and the trouble with Potiphar’s wife



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